I realize that I have spent a substantial part of my career (a decade) working at both of these agencies. NIH, when I first arrived in the DMV in 1988. NSF starting in 2014 through 2018. So roughly bookending my scientific career after graduate school. At NIH, I was a postdoc. At NSF, I was a senior executive. But at both agencies I enjoyed a wonderful perch to observe their respective cultures. They certainly are different–although at some level they are in the same business: funding American science. What I can also say is that there is a certain idealism at both agencies and that’s what makes me optimistic in the long run for the US. When you have smart, dedicated people striving for excellence every day, good things tend to happen. So these two parts of the US government are working–well.